Node JS Interview Questions (Basic to Advanced) Part 5

Tasadduq Ali
3 min readMay 7, 2023

Today I am continuing Node JS Interview Question Series. This series will be based on 5 parts covering the important questions asked in interviews from Basic to Advanced

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1. How do you use Redis in Node.js?

Redis is an in-memory data store used for caching and data storage in a Node.js application. Here's an example of using Redis to cache data:

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const redis = require('redis');
const client = redis.createClient();

function fetchData() {
return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
setTimeout(() => {
const data = 'Data fetched';
resolve(data);
}, 2000);
});
}

async function getCachedData() {
const data = await client.get('data');
if (data) {
console.log('Data retrieved from cache');
return data;
}
const newData = await fetchData();
await client.set('data', newData);
console.log('Data retrieved from server');
return newData;
}

getCachedData().then((data) => {
console.log(data);
}).catch((error) => {
console.error(error);
});

2. How do you use MongoDB in Node.js?

MongoDB is a popular NoSQL database used in Node.js applications. Here's an example of using the official MongoDB Node.js driver to connect to a MongoDB database:

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const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb');

async function main() {
const uri = 'mongodb://localhost:27017';
const client = new MongoClient(uri, { useNewUrlParser: true, useUnifiedTopology: true });
try {
await client.connect();
console.log('Connected to MongoDB');
const database = client.db('mydb');
const collection = database.collection('mycollection');
await collection.insertOne({ name: 'John' });
const documents = await collection.find().toArray();
console.log(documents);
} catch (error) {
console.error(error);
} finally {
await client.close();
console.log('Disconnected from MongoDB');
}
}

main();

3. How do you use Mongoose in Node.js?

Mongoose is an Object Document Mapping (ODM) library for MongoDB in Node.js. It provides a way to define models and schemas for MongoDB documents and makes it easier to interact with MongoDB in a Node.js application. Here's an example:

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const mongoose = require('mongoose');

mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost/mydb', { useNewUrlParser: true, useUnifiedTopology: true });

const personSchema = new mongoose.Schema({
name: String,
age: Number
});

const Person = mongoose.model('Person', personSchema);

const person = new Person({
name: 'John',
age: 30
});

person.save().then(() => {
console.log('Person saved');
}).catch((error) => {
console.error(error);
});

4. How do you use JWT in Node.js?

JSON Web Tokens (JWT) is a way to securely transmit information between parties in a Node.js application. Here's an example of using the jsonwebtoken library to sign and verify JWTs:

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const jwt = require('jsonwebtoken');

const secret = 'mysecret';

const payload = {
name: 'John',
email: 'john@example.com'
};

const token = jwt.sign(payload, secret, { expiresIn: '1h' });

console.log(token);

jwt.verify(token, secret, (error, decoded) => {
if (error) {
console.error(error);
} else {
console.log(decoded);
}
});

5. How do you use Axios in Node.js?

Axios is a popular library used for making HTTP requests in a Node.js application. Here's an example:

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const axios = require('axios');

async function fetchData() {
try {
const response = await axios.get('<https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts>');
console.log(response.data);
} catch (error) {
console.error(error);
}
}

fetchData();

6. How do you use Node.js streams?

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const fs = require('fs');

const readableStream = fs.createReadStream('input.txt');

readableStream.on('data', (chunk) => {
console.log(`Received ${chunk.length} bytes of data.`);
});

readableStream.on('end', () => {
console.log('Finished reading data.');
});

readableStream.on('error', (error) => {
console.error(error);
});

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Tasadduq Ali

I am MERN Stack developer working in UAE Govt to digitize their massive services. I will help you to become highly skilled Coder 😉